Texas courts are under a heightened scrutiny after the deadly shooting of an unarmed black man by a white police officer, who was fired in a controversial video that surfaced on social media.
The Supreme Court is hearing arguments on a new state law to allow judges to appoint themselves to state court vacancies.
But critics say the new law will also allow judges who are not members of a court to fill the seats if they are already on the bench.
Here’s what you need to know about the Texas judicial system and the new court appointment process.
How do judges fill judicial vacancies?
Texas has a highly competitive judicial system.
Judges have to have a law degree from an accredited university or law school, and they must be of the same race.
They must be at least 24 years old.
The state’s highest court judges are appointed by the governor and must be from a white, Christian Christian background.
State law requires judges to be at the age of 50.
What does the new judicial appointment process look like?
The Texas Supreme Court system was established in 2015.
It’s a four-member court with five seats.
There are three judges appointed by Democratic Gov.
Greg Abbott, two appointed by Republican Gov.
Nathan Deal and one appointed by former Gov.
In the first round of appointments, judges must be nominated by the state’s Democratic Attorney General.
They will be confirmed by the Texas Supreme Judicial Court, which is the state court’s highest body.
After that, they are approved by the full court.
The governor must sign off on all judicial appointments.
Three new appointments in the first four rounds are required to fill seats on the court in the next two years.
What happens if a judge is not approved?
The Supreme Judicial System is not required to appoint anyone to the court.
In some cases, a judge may have been approved but has not yet been sworn in to the bench, or if he or she is already on an active duty, the court will still appoint them to the courtship.
In other cases, the governor or a justice appointed by another governor can name a judge to fill an open seat.
Is it a job?
If a judge does not get an appointment, he or her name is placed on the judicial list.
That means the judge is being considered for a bench seat but does not necessarily have to serve on the Supreme Court.
The court can name an alternate judge for a trial if the trial judge decides that the new judge is qualified to do the job.
What are the criteria for an appointment?
The judge must have a college degree or some equivalent qualification from an approved institution.
He or she must also have at least one year of law practice experience.
Judges who have a judicial experience, or are on active duty in the armed forces, must also be certified by the United States Army National Guard.
They may also have to be trained in the legal profession.
Are there any other qualifications?
The state has no specific requirements for judges to get on the Texas court, but there are certain criteria for candidates that will get on a court list.
Those include having a law or jurisprudence degree from a university, law degree or law degree.
A minimum of two years of law or practice experience from an American Bar Association accredited institution or law education from a law school accredited by a major university in the United State.
A valid Texas driver’s license or Texas identification card.
An exemption from paying income taxes.
A passport or travel document issued by a foreign country.
A foreign national who is eligible to work in Texas under the E-Verify program.
What do I do if I get an application to fill a judicial vacancy?
You can ask for an exemption from the selection process.
The judge can request an exemption if they have a disability that would limit their ability to perform the job and it would be unreasonable for the judge to hold the position.
If the judge requests the exemption, the judge can choose to either wait until the next round of vacancies or to appoint someone else to fill it. 8.
How often does the process happen?
The current system for filling judicial vacancies has not changed since 2015.
Texas courts do not schedule their hearings for the first day of the new session, but it’s common to have the process start after the next session ends.
The next session will begin in 2019.
Who are the judges appointed?
Judges on the courtships of other judges are typically appointed by one of the governor’s appointees, but some justices have been appointed by other members of the Legislature.
In 2018, the Senate confirmed a judge appointed by Sen. Eddie Lucio, R-Westlake, who served for five years on the state Supreme Court bench.
He is now an assistant attorney general for the attorney general’s office.
How long does the appointment process take?
Judges will be nominated for appointments by the Attorney General for the next legislative session, which begins